Environmental commitment

Reduce ecological footprint, be more efficient, protect the environment.

At TAP, the continuous improvement of environmental performance is a priority.

We assume the commitment to minimise impact through resource consumption reduction, waste management, fleet modernisation and fuel efficiency.

Year after year we have been improving our environmental commitment without compromising growth.

Fleet modernisation: a matter of efficiency

Energy, environmental and operational efficiency are our main action focus. In the retrofit operation of our aircraft, in progress since October 2016, we replaced the cabin interiors with more lightweight and environmentally friendly materials, reducing their weight and allowing greater performance.

Throughout this process we have been working with national suppliers whenever possible, significantly reducing our ecological footprint. The materials chosen for the seats are an example — the seat skin is hardened and prepared in a Portuguese factory. The project includes the renovation of 7 thousand seats with national design, materials and labour.

The sharklet retrofit, currently in operation, allows to reduce fuel consumption by 4% and increase the operational life of the aircraft. This process is performed at the hangars by our maintenance technicians, which allows a large gain in efficiency.


Greenhouse gas emissions are a direct effect of fuel consumption by our aircraft.

Emissions diagram for the combustion of 1 ton of jet fuel

TAP has been for several years committed to reducing these emissions, in order to meet the strict goals defined by the industry:

  • Improving energy efficiency by 1,5% per year until 2020;
  • Stabilising CO2 emissions of the aviation sector to 2020 levels;
  • Reducing CO2 emissions by 50% until 2050, based on the absolute emissions of 2005.

We proudly became the first airline in the world to launch a Carbon Emissions Offset Programme, in partnership with IATA (International Air Transport Association), which earned us the “Planet Earth Award 2010”, attributed by UNESCO and the International Union of Geological Sciences.

When passengers purchase a ticket at flyTAP, they are offered the option to offset the carbon emissions (CO2) associated to their flights. The emission calculation is determined through a methodology developed by the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organisation), according to parameters such as flown distance, the booked class or average CO2 emissions of the aircraft that operate the route. This programme allows supporting projects certified by the United Nations in developing countries.

For more information on the certified projects by the United Nations click here. 

See Frequent Questions for more detailed answers to your questions.


In 2015, 87% of the TAP Group fleet already complied with the restrictive noise limits established by ICAO for new aircraft and aircraft certified after the 1 January 2016.
With the acquisition of new aircraft and the improvement of the existing one, we expect an even greater reduction of noise levels in our fleet.


In alignment with the strategy we develop for species protection, we prohibit since 2015 the transport of trophy animals, laboratory animals, shark fins and any animal protected by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

We take pride in providing a service of excellence in the transport of live animals, whether wild or domestic, with all the required safety and comfort, until their final destination.

In 2017 we signed the United for Wildlife Transport Buckingham Palace Declaration regarding the protection of nature and wildlife, strengthening our commitment to the fight against the illegal trade of species.

In land

When it comes to land support activities, we also establish annual environmental goals to promote the continuous improvement of performance at TAP Campus, both in terms of water, natural gas and electricity consumption, and proper waste management.

To reach these goals, our strategy focuses on the correct use and management of facilities and equipment, the optimisation of operations and awareness campaigns that promote environmentally conscious practices by all employees.

We have been gradually incorporating environmental criteria for the selection of suppliers, which allow us to analyse and evaluate environmental policy and procedure.